How to tell time?

Telling Time and Reading Clock Hands
September 4, 2015 – 02:03 pm
Learn how to tell time to

Being capable tell and use time is a tremendously valuable ability. To tell time, there are many tips to remember. We measure time in seconds, mins, hours, times, days, months, and many years. On a-clock, we measure amount of time in hours and minutes (and often seconds). On a calendar, we measure time in days, days, months, and years. This area is certainly going through informing time on a clock—using moments and hours. To use minutes and hours, you need to understand that there are one minute in a minute, and 60 mins in an hour. You will find a day in a single time.

Components of a Clock

A-clock is a tool familiar with tell time. Clocks measure amount of time in hours and moments, and have an hour hand (that moves forward one clock number every hour) and a minute hand (that moves ahead one tick every minute—it moves forward one clock number every five full minutes). A-clock is split into 12 parts, and every section will probably be worth 5 minutes (because 5 x 12 = 60, and you will find 60 mins in an hour or so). One full travel around-the-clock because of the minute hand ensures that 60 minutes has actually passed. Whenever you read a-clock, you appear at time hand very first, and then you look at the small hand. The time hand is faster, and also the minute hand is longer—this is the way you let them know aside. An ordinary clock looks like this:

The blue figures tend to be standard on all clocks—these are clock figures. You'll not start to see the orange numbers on regular clocks how they take the surface of this clock, however these will be the moment marks—thus, every 1 time clock quantity is equivalent to five full minutes. It could be even more broken down such as this:

Today, you can see that orange numbers on the outside matter from 1 to 60. These numbers represent for each minute of an hour or so.

Now, we’ll add the time and moment hands. Bear in mind, the hour hand is shorter, therefore the minute hand is longer. We’re going to set our time clock to express 1 o’clock.

Notice that our clock fingers have arrows—some clocks have actually hands with arrows, yet others never. We're going to show ours with arrows.

Reading a Clock

Reading a-clock takes practice, but after you understand how, it is simple doing! First, you’re gonna locate the hour hand. The time hand is the shorter of this two time clock hands. It moves in one time clock number to the next hourly, plus it makes one total rotation 24 / 7 any 12 hours (since you will find 12 clock numbers on each time clock). Consider which clock quantity the time hand is pointing to. That is the number you are going to make use of the hour. Often, the arrow will not be pointing exactly within number; in that case, you would view which number it absolutely was at most recently. For example, if the time hand is half-way involving the 2 together with 3, might use 2 once the hour number. The only path you need to use a particular quantity for time quantity is when this has currently passed the number in its rotation night and day. So, regardless of if the time hand is extremely near the 3, you'd still say 2 unless the hand has already reached, or passed, the 3. Here’s an example of everything we indicate:

Right here, you can see the hour hand is a tad bit more than half way involving the 1 and 2. Though it is nearer to the two, we might nevertheless say that 1 is our time number because the hour hand have not passed 2 yet.

Today let’s talk about the minute hand. When hand may be the longer of the two hands. It tips to your minutes having passed away since a fresh hour started. It will make one rotation 24 / 7 every hour. If the small hand is pointing to a-clock quantity, this means the sheer number of mins is a multiple of 5 (5, 10, 15, 20 an such like) while will give that quantity since the few minutes. If the moment hand is pointing into the clock #1, you would say 5 minutes. If small hand is pointing to your time clock number 6, might say 30 minutes. It is possible to figure this out by counting by 5s 24 hours a day. But in the event that small hand is in between two time clock numbers, you have to count by 5s before you arrive at the nearest time clock number, and total by people to figure out how many mins you've got. Take this for example:

Realize that the time hand is between the 7 and also the 8. To count the moments, might count each time clock number—remember to count by fives!—until you can the 7 clock quantity. You ought to have counted 35 moments. After that, you'd estimate where in actuality the hand is actually pointing. Some clocks don't have a lot of slashes per minute, while others never. Inside our time clock example, we have the numbers written across the advantage to make it better to read.

Therefore, in your mind, extend when hand right into the edge, and read what number of more moments it's passed. In our instance, when hand is pointing towards 38. Usually, you'll see that it’s on third mark after the time clock number, and that means you would add 3 to 35 and acquire 38. Since ours is written completely, we are able to just look to see in which it's pointing, and read it like that.

Thus, to tell the time, you would say it is 1:38, which is read “one thirty-eight.”

Today, you'll practice reading clocks aided by the following diagram. Once you believe you've got the solution determined, kind it into the box to see if you’re correct! Oh and don’t forget to add the colon (:) between your hours and moments, like this: 1:38.

The time hand is amongst the 6 together with 7, therefore the time number is 6. The moment hand is amongst the 9 while the 10, therefore seems it points closest to 48, so our actual time is 6:48.


AM and PM

As soon as you can read the time and moments, you can also be expected if it is AM or PM. This isn't read from the time clock, but rather from what time of day its. was works from midnight (12:00) to 11:59 (one-minute before noon). At noon, it becomes PM, and PM goes from noon (12:00) to 11:59 (about a minute before midnight). People make generalizations and say that are is when it’s light external, and PM occurs when it’s dark exterior. But don’t fall under this trap! That’s not totally true. At 12:00 AM, it's dark outside, because it is the midst of the night time. Around 5:00 or 6:00 in the morning (with respect to the time of the year) the sun pops up, and it is light from about 6:00 are until about 7:00 or 8:00 PM. Thus, at noon (12 PM), and until around 8:00 PM, it's still light exterior! Around 7:00 or 8:00 PM, sunlight falls, and it also gets dark away. It gets dark around 8:00 PM, and is dark before the after that morning, when the sunlight arises around 6:00 was. As you care able to see, the main AM is invested at nighttime, and component is spent into the light; part of the PM is invested into the light, and part is spent at night! Sometimes, you’ll be asked to resolve questions predicated on whether the time is AM or PM. As an example, what exactly are you doing at 12:00? If it had been 12:00 AM, you’d probably be resting! However, if it were 12:00 PM, you’d probably be consuming meal!

Let’s practice this. Answer the following questions:

At 7:00 AM, are you currently getting out of bed, or planning for sleep?

We realize that you would be getting out of bed, because 7 was would mean it really is pretty at the beginning of the early morning, so you won't be ready to go to bed yet.

Waking up

At 5:00 PM, are you currently consuming supper or fast asleep?

5:00 PM is later afternoon/early evening, just a few hours prior to the sunshine establishes. Thus, you would be eating supper, it wouldn't rather be time for sleep however.

Eating dinner

At 3:00 PM is it light or dark out? (answer choices: light, dark)

3:00 PM is just a few hours mid-day, additionally the sun continues to be shining brightly at this point into the day.


At 2:00 AM could be the sun shining? (yes or no)

2:00 AM is just 2 hours after midnight, it is therefore nonetheless considered the center of the evening. The sun does not arise until several hours later on, around 6:00 was.

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